The evolving oil & gas landscape in West Africa

This paper considers the bi-regional relations between Europe and West  Africa in the field of energy. As its point of departure, the paper begins by  acknowledging the ferocity with which today’s energy landscape is changing.  As important producers and consumers within this landscape, Europe and West  Africa are subject to change, both intra- and inter-regionally.… Read More »

Barriers to trade between Ghana and Nigeria

Actually, the full title of the note is: “Removing Barriers to Trade between Ghana and Nigeria: Strengthening Regional Integration by Implementing ECOWAS Commitments”: This note assesses the challenges that goods exporters within the region face when trying to benefit from the ECOWAS-wide Free Trade Area. It focuses on the experience of 30 exporting companies in… Read More »

“Informal Economy and the World Bank”

A new essay reviewing recent literature and World Bank studies on the informal sector. From the abstract: Many countries have expressed an interest in the size, performance and motivation of the informal sector, especially where the informal sector provides the livelihood and employment for a critical segment of the population. This essay reviews recent literature,… Read More »